Antibiotic Treatment for Dogs: Many types of germs can cause an infection in your dog’s body. They include bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa.
Antibiotic Treatment used to treat your dog should only be prescribed after your veterinarian has diagnosed the infection and decided what type of organism to blame.
The antibiotic you should use to treat your dog depends on what organism is causing your dog infection and how the drugs work in your dog’s body.
As with all prescription ation medications, there are side effects that your veterinarian will discuss with you.
The bacterium can attack your dog’s body through open wounds, from what your dog takes or from being in the same environment as your dog.
They come in various shapes and sizes, and their physical properties can help your veterinarian determine which bacteria are infecting your dog.
These micro-organisms can cause gastroenteritis, pneumonia, skin diseases, urinary tract problems and other diseases.
Without antibiotic intervention, they can multiply and make your dog even more sick.
How does Antibiotic Treatment work?
Bacterial antibiotics destroy bad cells without causing damage to your dog’s healthy cells.
Depending on the action drug, the antibiotic can prevent the bacterial cell from building up, thereby preventing it from reproducing.
Antibiotics can starve bacteria by stopping them from converting glucose into energy, which is the main function of all living cells.
Common antibiotics for dogs:
- Enrofloxacin (Baytril) – Respiratory, skin, and urinary tract infections
- Amoxicillin / clavulanic acid (Clavamox) – Injuries, Respiratory Infections, Skin Infections
- Metronidazole (Flagyl) – Disease of the gastrointestinal tract, periodic
- Clindamycin (Antirob) – Bacterial, soft tissue, bone, and dental infections
Viruses can cause many diseases that can make your dog very ill, including Canine Distemper and Canine Parvovirus.
These parasites are so small that they are estimated to be about one hundredth the size of the average bacterium and can only multiply within the living cells of other organisms.
How do antivirals work?
Antiviral drugs do not kill the virus. Instead, they work by preventing the growth and reproduction of the virus, causing the viral infection to die by itself.
Although there are no commonly used antiviral drugs in veterinary medicine, most veterinarians choose to treat all potential secondary bacterial infections that may occur in an attempt to alleviate your dog’s symptoms when the virus leaves the system.
Some anti-viral drugs for dogs:
- Pradofloxacin (Veraflox) – Upper Respiratory Infections
- Cephalexin (Keflex) – for skin, urinary tract, and respiratory infections
- Ampicillin – Gastrointestinal problems
There is considerable and growing concern in human and veterinary medicine as antibiotic resistance has difficulties in treating infections. To effectively prevent and control resistance, medical associations should monitor and limit antibiotic use.