Bordetella is a bacterium associated with respiratory disease or sometimes called kennel cough in dogs. It is one of the components of the canine respiratory tract, sometimes referred to as kennel cough, upper respiratory tract infection, or infectious tracheobronchitis.
Dogs in areas where they are in contact with other dogs (e.g. doggie day care, groomers, dog park, boarding facilities) are more likely to come in contact with this bacterium and develop signs of upper respiratory infection.
Clinical signs of upper respiratory infection include sneezing, nasal discharge, congestion, and cough. If you suspect that your dog has kennel cough, it is important to isolate your dog from other dogs and consult your veterinarian immediately.
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Bordetella vaccines are available for dogs that reduce the severity of the disease and completely prevent infection.
This vaccine is an optional vaccine, but not mandatory.
Your vet can help determine if the vaccine is good to go for your dog.
Is the Bordetella vaccine necessary for dogs?
Generally, healthy adult dogs that come in contact with large groups of other dogs should be vaccinated against Bordetella annually and boarding facilities may require a booster over six months.
Talk to your veterinarian about vaccinating your puppy at the right age regarding Bordetella.
Is Bordetella the same as kennel cough?
Bordetella is the most common reason for kennel cough, other bacteria and viruses can trigger the condition. Kennel cough is all the terms used for infectious dog respiratory illnesses.
What are the symptoms of Bordetella in dogs?
If your dog suffers from kennel cough, you may notice one or more of the following symptoms:
Strong cough, often with a “honking” sound – this is a very obvious symptom.
- Leaking nose.
- Lack of appetite.
- Low fever.
How long after the Bordetella vaccine can I board my dog?
If your dog’s Bordetella is restored within 10 days of expiration, no waiting period is required and your dog may return to camp immediately. If your dog’s Bordetella vaccine is renewed after a grace period of 10 days, a waiting period is required. For Intranasal Bordetella, the waiting period is 3 days.
How is Bordetella transmitted?
Italysis Bordetella is transmitted by direct contact (laughter, nuzzling), by air (cough or sneeze), or by contaminated foams. Transmission can even occurs between dogs and cats.
Are there any risks associated with the Bordetella vaccine?
Vaccination is generally a very safe medical procedure, and the compelling benefits of vaccination should be weighed against any risks.
However, your veterinarian may advise you to take the Bordetella vaccine if your dog is immunocompromised, sick, or pregnant, and she will discuss the risks and benefits of vaccination for dogs with a previous history of vaccine reactions.
Bordetella is the most common cause of kennel cough in dogs, it is not just one.
Other bacteria and viruses, including the parainfluenza virus, can also cause kennel cough, meaning that vaccinated dogs can also get kennel cough from another source.
Although dogs have the Bordetella vaccine, it is important for owners to be aware of the symptoms of kennel cough.