Snake Bite on dog should be taken very seriously as snakes are cold-blooded animals that can be found in any kind of environment: deserts, forests, swamps, and grasslands.
Because they are cold-blooded, they do not have the necessary means to control their body temperature on their own, so they seek warm places.
In winter, they are dormant under rocks, in tunnels or burrows. Sometimes even in human homes.
Therefore, when snakes come out for food during the warmer months, they are more likely to cross paths with naturally curious dogs will chase, as dogs always try to chase moving objects.
Not all snakes have deadly venom, but snake bites can cause discomfort and stress to your pet.
In the case of venomous snakes, time is of the essence with regard to life-saving treatment.
If you suspect that your dog has been bitten, do not attempt life-saving measures on your own and do not delay taking him to a veterinarian.
Fatal snakebites are more common in dogs than in any other domestic animal.
Dogs that live in rural areas often encounter snakes in their open areas. When the dog is very anxious, or too tight, the dog bites, leaving the snake alone.
Snake bites can be painful and cause an infection, but a venomous snake bite can kill a puppy within an hour if you do not give first aid to the snake bite.
If you live in Alabama, Arizona, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, or Texas, your puppy is at higher risk for snakebite.
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Snake bite on dog – Symptoms
- Symptoms of snake bites appear within 1 to 24 hours of the event, but the effects of snake bites on your dog’s system must take effect immediately.
- Sudden and severe swelling at the common bite site is a very common sign, which usually hides the bite marks.
- The non-venomous snake bite leaves small horseshoe-shaped tooth marks.
- Some types of toxins affect the central nervous system and can cause the puppy to appear drunk, have seizures, or stop breathing.
- Vomiting, diarrhea, convulsions, seizures, shock, and sometimes paralysis
- Toxins from pit vipers such as copperheads digest meat which makes the flesh around the wound discolored within minutes.
- Blood in urine
- Mentally altered mood
Snakes that cause problems
The most common species of venomous snake are
Coral snake bite
One of the venomous snakes, the coral snake is commonly found on the southern edges of the continent. It is small with yellow, red and black circles.
It sends neurotoxic toxins, which affects the respiratory system
Rattlesnake bite on dog
Rattlesnakes are venomous snakes that are popular in North America. They are usually long and have sticky fangs.
They are hemotoxic (destroying red blood cells), anticoagulant (interrupting blood clotting), and necrotizing (causing organ degeneration and tissue damage)
Some of them inject neurotoxic toxins.
Copperhead snake bite
Copperheads are reddish-brown and have an hourglass marking and a distinctive copper-colored head. They grow to about 2 to 4 feet in length and hang around leaf litter and woodpiles.
Water moccasin snake bite
Water moccasins hang near streams or in swamps. They are 4 to 6 feet long and range from dark brown to black. The inside of the mouth is white, giving the snake its “Cottonmouth” nickname.
How does a snake bite look on a dog?
Evidence of bite wounds are -Pain/swelling around the bite site. Snakes often bite your pet in the face, neck, or legs when a dog tries to catch a snake.
In most cases, there may be less pain and swelling, so this is not the most reliable way to determine if your pet has been bitten – you still need to look for other signs.
Snake bite on dogs diagnosis
- If you suspect your dog has been bitten by a snake, do not delay in taking him to the vet.
- Do not try home remedies like cold packs or tourniquets. This can cause more harm/delay in treating your beloved pet.
- If there is swelling on the face, do not touch this area together.
- Fix the part of your dog that was bitten by the snake; Try to keep this area at or below heart level.
- Try to stay calm and quiet. Do not let your dog sense that you are scared. He must be calm and courageous. Reduce his pain with your words until you reach the vet clinic.
- Do not let your pet move. The toxin spreads to other parts of his body through the moving blood.
- It is a good idea to take a picture of a dead snake or snake to help your veteran give proper treatment to the affected pet.
Treatment for snake bite on dog
- The pet affected by a snake bite should be hospitalized for at least 12 hours and ideally 24 hours.
- Although most pets usually require support and supervision, most (95%) survive with early and proper treatment.
- Antivenoms are the only proven treatment against venomous snake bites.
- The earlier it is maintained, the more effective its action will be. Normally a single bottle controls anomaly but very small doses may be required, especially in small dogs.
- IV fluid support, intensive pain management, antibiotics, and wound monitoring are required for best clinical results.
- Blood and plasma transfusions are sometimes required during acute anomalies.
There is a “snake bite vaccine” that can be used, but there are no controlled studies on its effectiveness.
The main advantage of the vaccine is that it can create protective antibodies to neutralize certain toxins injected and reduce the severity of clinical signs.
This does not mean that the vaccinated dose does not require any treatment when bitten by a snake. They still need the same treatment whether they are vaccinated or not!
Tips to prevent snake bite on dog
- Do not allow your pet to explore holes or dig under rocks.
- Do not allow a dead snake to be tested on your pet.
- Monitoring your puppy is the best method, especially in areas with snakes.
- Include your pet in rattlesnake aversion training so that they know how to recognize the scent, sound, and attention of rattlesnakes to avoid them when encountered.