Tachypnea in dogs, also known as polypnea, is an increased rate of respiration. Unlike tachypnea and dyspnea (a painful sensation associated with laborious breathing), there is no need to prescribe pain in dogs.
Causes of rapid breathing in dogs
There are many reasons for dogs to breathe faster. They may include the following:
Upper respiratory causes
- Diseases of the nostrils and sinuses (infection, narrowing, inflammation, cancer)
- Mild palate disorders
- Laryngeal diseases (inflammation, collapse, paralysis, convulsions)
- Tracheal (windpipe) diseases (tumors, collapse, foreign bodies)
- Compression of upper airway structures from thoracic changes (mass, lymph nodes)
lower respiratory Causes
Lower respiratory disorders are obstructive (obstructive or obstructive) diseases and restrictive (restrictive) diseases.
- Respiratory diseases (bronchitis, cancer, parasites)
- Lung lung diseases (fluid, pneumonia, hemorrhage, clots, parasites, cancer and lung twisting of the lung lobe)
- Pleural effusion (fluid in the chest cavity)
- Pneumothorax (air in the chest cavity)
- Mass, lymph nodes or tumors in the chest cavity
Non- respiratory causes
- Heart disease (circulatory failure, arrhythmia)
- Neuromuscular diseases (injury, cancer, inflammation)
- Metabolic / Endocrine Diseases (Diabetes, Cushing’s Disease)
- Hematologic diseases (anemia)
- Abdominal diseases (mass, enlarged organs, fluid, bloating)
- Other (pain, fear, physical activity, fever, heat, stress, esophagus, medications)
Tachypnea has no effect on the affected person, especially when it is associated with transient factors such as fear or stress.
In contrast, it represents a more serious, life-threatening illness. For this reason, tachypnea should not be ignored and if it continues or develops into dyspnea.
What to see
- Difficulty in breathing
- Blue for gums
- Weight loss
- Poor appetite
- Excessive drinking or urinating
Diagnosis of Tachypnea in Dogs
Before performing any test, consider any causative factors (heat, stress, overreaction) and remove them from your pet’s environment.
If the tachypnea persists despite the possible cause being removed, and/or the signs are prolonged or progressive, it is important to seek veterinary attention and get your pet tested.
- Complete blood count (CBC), biochemical profile, and urinalysis are an important part of any baseline work.
- Changes may indicate conditions that cause tachypnea, such as anemia, infection, and diabetes.
- Heartworm testing should be done on all dogs
- Arterial blood gas to assess the acid-base status of the patient
The ACTH stimulation test is beneficial in rejecting hyperhidrenocortisosis
Chest radiographs (x-rays) should be done on these patients.
- In some cases, it is important to include the structures of the neck to prevent the loss of a foreign body or tumor in the upper lung.
- Ultrasound of the heart and thoracic cavity
- Thoracocentesis (withdrawal of fluid, air, or tissue from the chest) and fluid analysis or cytology
More advanced diagnostic tests include rhinoceros or trachobronchoscopy (scoping of the nasal cavity or trachea and bronchi) and/or CT scan
Treatment of tachypnea in dogs
Ideally, an underlying cause should be identified and corrected or eliminated. Examples of heat, stress, overeating.
Symptomatic treatment should be established when searching for the underlying cause.
Oxygen therapy and strenuous rest can be beneficial for most of these people, especially if they are distressed.
Antibiotic or anti-inflammatory therapy may be beneficial in people with an infectious or inflammatory disorder.
Fluid therapy is indicated for those with dehydration or concomitant systemic diseases (i.e. uremia).
Manage all prescribed ations and go back for follow-up evaluation as directed by your veterinarian. Meanwhile, keep your pet in a cool, stress-free environment and do not overreact to your pet.