Before we discuss the Insulin Shots for Dogs that are suffering from Diabetes, let us know a little more about diabetes.
Diabetes is a treatable condition that requires the efforts of a veterinarian and foster parents.
Diabetes management is often complicated by a number of factors that affect the diabetic condition, such as the changing condition of the pet and the variable response to treatment.
Success requires an understanding of current scientific evidence and good clinical judgment. Each pet needs an individualized treatment plan, often revisited and revised based on the pet’s response.
Types of Insulin Shots for Dogs
In dogs, two types of diabetes mellitus have been found. Both are alike because of the failure to control blood sugar, but the basic mechanisms of the disease are somewhat different between the two types.
1. Type I, or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM): It is caused by the total or complete destruction of insulin-producing beta cells.
This is the most common type of canine diabetes. As the name suggests, dogs with this type of diabetes need insulin injections to stabilize blood sugar.
2. Type II, or non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM): This is different because some insulin-producing cells remain the same.
However, the amount produced is insufficient, there is a delayed response to its secretion, and the tissues of the dog’s body are relatively resistant to it.
These pets can be treated with an oral tablet that stimulates the remaining functional cells to produce or release enough insulin to normalize blood sugar levels in the body. Alternatively, they can be treated with insulin.
Dogs with NIDDM eventually reach total beta-cell destruction and then require insulin injections.
Selecting Insulin Shots Formulation in Dogs
In diabetic dogs, NPH insulin is commonly used to establish glycemic regulation. Bovine / porcine insulin is considered to be more antigenic and therefore has a lengthier duration of action than low antigenic purified porcine or human recombinant insulin.
It is possible to manage some dogs with daily treatment using Elatin NPH insulin. Other NPH and Lent insulin have a rapid onset and duration of action from 6 to 14 h. Human recombinant NPH or Lent insulin requires almost twice daily daily insulin treatment.
When should I give my dog insulin shots?
According to veterinarians and other diabetic dog owners, the best time to give insulin shots to dogs is after a meal. Diabetic dogs are known to be very volatile eaters due to the nature of their disease.
If you don’t know how much is your dog going to eat at any meal, it is impossible to give them the exact dose of insulin. Here are some scenarios on why it helps to inject after a meal:
- Pet may not eat their entire meal and therefore needs less insulin
- The dog needs more food, so it needs a little more insulin
- Dog recovers a portion or amount of his food and therefore needs less insulin
Giving shots after a meal lets you know how much food they ate and therefore get the right amount of insulin to give them. As always, please consult a veterinarian when making any dosage decisions.
Changing Insulin Shots for Dogs
It should be emphasized that each patient’s response to a brand or type of insulin is unique, so the practitioner must re-establish the patient’s glucose response curve whenever insulin therapy changes.
Since human insulin differs from canine insulin by only 1 amino acid, converting a dog from bovine/porcine insulin to human recombinant insulin requires a reduction in dose and almost always a frequency of administration.
In the cat, the combination of purified porcine and recombinant human insulin is probably antigenic, but the frequency of insulin antibody-induced insulin resistance is found to be low in the cat.
How to Give Insulin to Dogs
1. Be sure to always use a fresh needle and syringe. If you reuse these to reduce costs, you put your dog at risk of infection.
2. Loosen the needle and syringe but leave the cap on the needle.
3. Remove the insulin bottle from the refrigerator and start wrapping it gently in your hands. This ensures that the hormones are well mixed and that the insulin is not too cold when injected.
4. It’s time to go ahead and take off the needle cap. Then, grab the insulin syringe using the pointer finger and thumb of one hand, and draw back on the plunger with the other hand. Remain pulling back, inflating the plunger until you reach the correct marker for the amount of insulin your dog needs.
5. Hold the insulin bottle upside down in your non-dominant hand. Insert the needle into the bottle in the center of the rubber cap, depressing the plunger, forcing air into the bottle.
This prevents vacuum formation when you fill the syringe with insulin.
6. Next, still hold the bottle upside down and insert the needle into the bottle so that the tip of the needle is covered with insulin. Pull back on the plunger until you get the right insulin in the syringe.
It depends on your dog, so consult your veterinarian before deciding on the right dose for your dog.
7. If you notice any air bubbles inside the syringe, draw a little extra insulin into the tube. Then, point the needle toward the roof and play with the tube until the air bubbles move upwards. Finally, push the plunger to expel the excess air.
8. Next, find the right place on your dog to give insulin. Insert the needle parallel to the skin. Make sure the needle does not penetrate the skin on the other side.
9. Draw back on the plunger. If it is filled with air or blood, remove the needle and syringe and discard the new needle.
Then, reinsert the needle into your dog. If you do not get air or blood, the plunger may discourage you from giving your dog an insulin injection.
10. Sometimes your dog reacts negatively, especially in the beginning. If your dog runs away and you cannot tell if they have received the full dose, do not try to give too much insulin.
During the next application, you can reduce the previous dose as needed.
11. When you are done, throw away the needle. It is recommended that you use 1 needle for just 1 time.
If you run out of needles in an emergency, you can reuse the needle one more time, although it is not recommended.
The needle should not exceed twice. The needles dull very quickly and can be very uncomfortable if used too many times.
How to Give an Insulin Injection to a Small Dog
The new innovative easy device provides painless insulin shots for dogs and especially small dogs with diabetes. Here’s how you can see this new technology changing the game.
As every veterinarian knows, using a traditional syringe is a multi-step procedure that requires two hands.
First, the correct dose should be drawn from the medicine bottle. The practitioner or client then has to find an area with loose skin on the dog or cat, and, after pulling that part of the skin between their fingers, they insert the needle and take care not to inject through their own skin and into their fingers.
Next, the plunger is pulled back slightly, If blood appears, the needle should be removed and reattached. Finally, after the injection process is complete, the cat or dog must be checked to make sure no blood or medication is leaking from the injection site.
Imagine a process that allows one hand to put a dog or cat into a pet with one hand so that he does not notice with the other hand when giving him an injection. With an outdated syringe, it will never happen! Right here:
How to use
- Remove the pre-filled device from the clean package.
- Disassemble the safety cap to prevent accidental action.
- Place the device on any area of skin, such as the abdomen.
- Click the plunger – the medication is injected painlessly for 1 to 1.5 seconds while your dog continues to enjoy his belly rubs.
- Replace the safety cap and toss the device into any garbage receptacle – no sharp disposal required!
Feeding a Diabetic Pet
Control is achieved through diet, exercise and insulin balance. Realizing that special diets are not always attractive to pets, there are some ideal foods that should be provided at a minimum, ask your veterinarian what they are.
A very up-to-date choice of a low carbohydrate high protein diet like the Hills M/D Diet or Purina’s DCO Diet. (Both companies use letters to name their recommended foods.) These foods promote weight loss in diabetics and are available in canned and powdered formulations.
Prior to the development of the new foods mentioned above, it was recommended to feed high fiber prescription diets. These also deplete balance and make the body more sensitive to insulin receptors. Hill’s R / D or W / D diet or other prescribed foods fit into this category, although R / D is by far the highest fiber diet available.
Soft-moisture-free prescription diets should be avoided as they are used to preserve sugars. Avoid breads and sweet treats. If it is not possible to change the pet’s diet, control should be created over what the pet eats.
Alternative to Insulin Shots for Dogs
To be honest, the other options apart from insulin shots for dogs for treating diabetes in dogs have proven to be less productive. At one point, it was hoped that oral hyperglycemic agents that lower blood glucose through the mouth would be useful in the treatment of diabetic dogs. In most cases, it has not been proven.
The fact that dogs with diabetes suffer from insulin-dependent diabetes is the main reason why insulin canine is the best treatment for diabetes.
This means that the cells in the pancreas that normally secrete insulin are no longer functioning and the pancreas can make sure your diabetic dog secretes enough insulin to control blood glucose levels.
This is dissimilar from feline diabetes, because, especially at the onset of the disease, cats may suffer from non-insulin dependent diabetes, meaning that their pancreas still has some ability to secrete insulin.
Because these cats have some insulin-secreting ability, oral hypoglycemic products may (or may not) be effective. However, in dogs, these products do not work well because the canine diabetic pancreas cannot rally to secrete insulin.
Canine is an essential component of insulin therapy in most cases of diabetes. In fact, insulin injections are really the cornerstone for the treatment of diabetes in dogs.
However, keep in mind that the idea of giving your dog insulin injections can be taught by giving injections to many people, even if it is scary at first. Easily. Your veterinarian can help teach you how to do this.